Medicinal and drug industries spread their wings all over the world. Health is the major issue of today’s world. Although there are great inventions of medicines and technology evolved but complementary health issues are also prevalent. Scientists and laboratory a researcher try their best to invent the kind of medicines and drugs those will carry maximum effects and minimum side effects. Let us study about a significant compound which is proven to be beneficial in the field of medicine. Peptides are the class of compounds which bear the medicinal properties more over these areas such present in the body in order to regulate the major body functions. Before searching for the question what are dipeptides, we have to take a descriptive note about the peptides.
Peptides are the bonds which are formed when amino acids get linked together. Amino acids are the monomer units of the protein molecules. A long chain of the amino acids is linked together to form the long chain in complex structure and that is known as the protein molecule. Whereas in case of dipeptides only two amino acids linked together and these will give rise to the simpler structure that is dipeptide. Dipeptides are thus easy to synthesize. Amino acids have two groups, one is carboxylic and other is amine group. Both the groups are terminal and functional groups.
Carboxylic group of one amino acid gets linked to the other of amide and it results in the liberation of the water molecule. This whole process carried under the dehydration environment. A resulting bond formed is known as the amide or the peptide bond. There are so many derivatives of amino acids that can be synthesized in this manner. Dipeptides have medicinal value; these compounds are also synthesized in our body during the process of translation. This process takes place by the ribosomes present in our cell.
There are so many dipeptides compounds available and also prepared in the labs; histidine is the eloquent example of the dipeptide. It issued to control the hormonal functions of the body more over these compounds are very useful in treating the metabolic syndrome in patients. Sometimes due to the metabolic syndromes, blood pressure can be raised as a result patient has to come up with renal failure as well as cardiac-related diseases. Some dipeptides act as the diuretics which can effectively cure these sorts of the disorders.
Hype in blood pressure can also lead to the kidney failure as well as liver damaging. In that case, these peptides are very helpful to combat cardiac-related diseases. BNP means b type natriuretic hormone acts as a diuretic which releases the excess water and sodium from the body. It is present in the ventricles. When these ventricles stretch and expand due to the body fluid then this hormone works. When the body experiences any stress in blood vessels and on the kidneys then these natriuretic hormones are released in order to distress the blood vessels. These are really very effective in cardiac diseases.